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Psalm 83:8

ESV Asshur also has joined them; they are the strong arm of the children of Lot. Selah
NIV Even Assyria has joined them to reinforce Lot’s descendants.
NASB Assyria also has joined them; They have become a help to the children of Lot. Selah
CSB Even Assyria has joined them; they lend support to the sons of Lot. Selah
NLT Assyria has joined them, too, and is allied with the descendants of Lot. Interlude
KJV Assur also is joined with them: they have helped the children of Lot. Selah.
NKJV Assyria also has joined with them; They have helped the children of Lot. Selah

What does Psalm 83:8 mean?

This completes a list of nations which surrounded Israel and conspired for her complete obliteration (Psalm 83:1–5). So far, the list has included Edom, Ishmael, Moab, the Hagrites, Gebal, Ammon, Amalek, Philistia, and Tyre (Psalm 83:6–7).

Last to be mentioned is Asshur, or Assyria: an enormously powerful nation also known for plaguing Israel (Genesis 10:11; Jonah 1:1–2; 2 Kings 5:1–9; 17:6). That Asaph calls Assyria the "strong arm of the children of Lot" suggests that the Moabites and Ammonites (Genesis 19:34–38) were leading this coalition to destroy the nation of Israel. Later in Israel's history, Assyria would conquer and forcibly relocate many Israelites (2 Kings 17:6; 18:11).

The combined enemies in Asaph's list represent a geographical surrounding of Israel. These enemies planned to attack Israel together, implying they would do so from all sides: north, south, east, and west. The situation resembles an era after the exile (Ezekiel 1:1) when hateful, jealous nations bordering Israel conspired. They sought to destroy Nehemiah's efforts to rebuild Jerusalem's broken walls (Nehemiah 1:1–3). At first, they tried to discourage Nehemiah and his workers by ridiculing their rebuilding efforts (Nehemiah 4:1–3). When the ridicule failed, they "plotted together to come and fight against Jerusalem" (Nehemiah 4:8).

This section ends with the word selah. The exact meaning of the term is unknown. However, it seems to suggest a pause for reflection, or a musical interlude.
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