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Psalm 83:2

ESV For behold, your enemies make an uproar; those who hate you have raised their heads.
NIV See how your enemies growl, how your foes rear their heads.
NASB For behold, Your enemies make an uproar, And those who hate You have exalted themselves.
CSB See how your enemies make an uproar; those who hate you have acted arrogantly.
NLT Don’t you hear the uproar of your enemies? Don’t you see that your arrogant enemies are rising up?
KJV For, lo, thine enemies make a tumult: and they that hate thee have lifted up the head.
NKJV For behold, Your enemies make a tumult; And those who hate You have lifted up their head.

What does Psalm 83:2 mean?

This begins an explanation of why Asaph prays for God's intervention (Psalm 83:1). The enemies of God—who hate and want to eliminate Israel—are becoming louder. The reference to an "uproar" could be compared to the sound of crashing ocean waves. Those who surrounded Israel were making threatening, loud indications of their evil intent.

That God's enemies are in some state of agitation reflects the description of end-times nations which revolt against God. Psalm 2:1 describes them as raging. They raise their angry voices against God and against His Anointed (Psalm 2:2).

Symbolically, a person bows their head to show reverence, penitence, or humility. In contrast, a person who defiantly raises their head, or refuses to bow it, demonstrates pride, self-confidence, insolence, and defiance of God. God's enemies in Asaph's day were defying God as they were ready to launch an attack on Israel (Psalm 83:3–5). This includes a long list of enemy nations (Psalm 83:6–8).
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