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Psalm 17:13

ESV Arise, O LORD! Confront him, subdue him! Deliver my soul from the wicked by your sword,
NIV Rise up, LORD, confront them, bring them down; with your sword rescue me from the wicked.
NASB Arise, Lord, confront him, make him bow down; Save my soul from the wicked with Your sword,
CSB Rise up, Lord! Confront him; bring him down. With your sword, save me from the wicked.
NLT Arise, O Lord! Stand against them, and bring them to their knees! Rescue me from the wicked with your sword!
KJV Arise, O LORD, disappoint him, cast him down: deliver my soul from the wicked, which is thy sword:

What does Psalm 17:13 mean?

In a rapid-fire series of requests, David urges the Lord to do four things. These are all part of his prayer for safety and security (Psalm 17:1, 8–9).

First, David asks the Lord to "arise." In Numbers 10:35 we learn that Moses offered a similar prayer when the Israelites journeyed through the wilderness: "And whenever the ark set out, Moses said, 'Arise, O LORD, and let your enemies be scattered, and let those who hate you flee before you." Asking the Lord to "arise" is a call for forceful action against the enemy.

Second, David asks the Lord to confront the enemy. "Confront" comes from a Hebrew phrase literally meaning prevent his face. It is an appeal for the Lord to meet David's enemy directly in battle.

Third, David asks the Lord to subdue this foe. Defeating Saul (1 Samuel 20:32–33) was not something David would choose to do himself. This was a matter for the Lord to handle. In fact, even when given the chance to kill Saul, David chose to show restraint, instead (1 Samuel 24:1–7; 26:4–12).

Fourth, David asks the Lord to deliver him from his wicked enemy. In Psalm 18:2 David calls Lord his rock, his fortress, and his deliverer. These ideas all involve God as a source of security and safety.
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