Psalm 16:4 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Psalm 16:4, NIV: Those who run after other gods will suffer more and more. I will not pour out libations of blood to such gods or take up their names on my lips.

Psalm 16:4, ESV: The sorrows of those who run after another god shall multiply; their drink offerings of blood I will not pour out or take their names on my lips.

Psalm 16:4, KJV: Their sorrows shall be multiplied that hasten after another god: their drink offerings of blood will I not offer, nor take up their names into my lips.

Psalm 16:4, NASB: The pains of those who have acquired another god will be multiplied; I will not pour out their drink offerings of blood, Nor will I take their names upon my lips.

Psalm 16:4, NLT: Troubles multiply for those who chase after other gods. I will not take part in their sacrifices of blood or even speak the names of their gods.

Psalm 16:4, CSB: The sorrows of those who take another god for themselves will multiply; I will not pour out their drink offerings of blood, and I will not speak their names with my lips.

What does Psalm 16:4 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

Contrast between believers and unbelievers is a running theme in Scripture. In the prior verse, David expressed delight in the saints (Psalm 16:3), but here he refuses to participate in false faiths. Although Israel was called to be holy as a nation, not everyone in the land was holy. Many were idolaters. They worshiped "another god" and performed drink offerings to these false deities. David predicts they will experience an increasing number of sorrows.

Although New Testament believers are commanded to demonstrate love for unbelievers (Matthew 5:44; 22:36–40), they must not love their sin (1 Thessalonians 5:22). Second Corinthians distinguishes believers as the temple of the living God (2 Corinthians 6:16). As such, believers must not become "unequally yoked with unbelievers" (2 Corinthians 6:14). The same passage commands believers: "Therefore go out from their midst, and be separate from them" (2 Corinthians 6:17).

Although Lot was a believer, he chose to form close ties with the wicked Sodomites (Genesis 13:12–13). He moved into Sodom and rose to prominence there, but ultimately lost everything he possessed when God judged Sodom (Genesis 19:15–16). He was fortunate not to join the ultimate end of those whose "sorrows…shall multiply."