Genesis 36:43 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Genesis 36:43, NIV: "Magdiel and Iram. These were the chiefs of Edom, according to their settlements in the land they occupied. This is the family line of Esau, the father of the Edomites."

Genesis 36:43, ESV: "Magdiel, and Iram; these are the chiefs of Edom (that is, Esau, the father of Edom), according to their dwelling places in the land of their possession."

Genesis 36:43, KJV: "Duke Magdiel, duke Iram: these be the dukes of Edom, according to their habitations in the land of their possession: he is Esau the father of the Edomites."

Genesis 36:43, NASB: "chief Magdiel, and chief Iram. These are the chiefs of Edom (that is, Esau, the father of the Edomites), according to their settlements in the land of their possession."

Genesis 36:43, NLT: "Magdiel, and Iram. These are the leaders of the clans of Edom, listed according to their settlements in the land they occupied. They all descended from Esau, the ancestor of the Edomites."

Genesis 36:43, CSB: "chief Magdiel, and chief Iram. These are Edom's chiefs, according to their settlements in the land they possessed. Esau was father of the Edomites."

What does Genesis 36:43 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

This final section of the chapter lists important names in the region of Edom (Genesis 36:1), after recounting the sons (Genesis 36:9–14) and kings (Genesis 36:31–39) who came from Esau's line. It's possible these names were used as regional titles, or they may have been names of specific clans.

The chiefs of Esau included Timna, Alvah, Jetheth (Genesis 36:40), Oholibamah, Elah, Pinon (Genesis 36:41), Kenaz, Teman, Mibzar (Genesis 36:42), and now Magdiel and Iram.

This verse sums up that these are, indeed, the chiefs of Esau, father of Edom (Genesis 36:6–8). They led their people in the "land of their possession." Isaac had prophesied this about Esau after Jacob stole from him the family blessing: "By your sword you shall live, and you shall serve your brother; but when you grow restless you shall break his yoke from your neck" (Genesis 27:40). Esau's move to the region of Seir (Genesis 36:6–8) and the possession of Edom by his descendants (Deuteronomy 2:12) is a fulfillment of that "blessing" of independence and self-rule.