Genesis 36:4 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Genesis 36:4, NIV: "Adah bore Eliphaz to Esau, Basemath bore Reuel,"

Genesis 36:4, ESV: "And Adah bore to Esau, Eliphaz; Basemath bore Reuel;"

Genesis 36:4, KJV: "And Adah bare to Esau Eliphaz; and Bashemath bare Reuel;"

Genesis 36:4, NASB: "Adah bore Eliphaz to Esau, and Basemath gave birth to Reuel,"

Genesis 36:4, NLT: "Adah gave birth to a son named Eliphaz for Esau. Basemath gave birth to a son named Reuel."

Genesis 36:4, CSB: "Adah bore Eliphaz to Esau, Basemath bore Reuel,"

What does Genesis 36:4 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

This and the following verse (Genesis 36:5) list the names of Esau's five sons. These are the children whose ancestors will populate the land of Seir (Genesis 36:8), becoming a nation called Edom. Just as Esau is known as Edom (Genesis 36:1), his twin brother Jacob is known as Israel (Genesis 35:10). The "brother nations" of their respective descendants will eventually become hated enemies.

The name Eliphaz means something like "the god El conquers" or perhaps "my god is Paz." Reuel means "friend of El (God)," a name later used by Jacob's descendants.