Genesis 36:12 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Genesis 36:12, NIV: "Esau's son Eliphaz also had a concubine named Timna, who bore him Amalek. These were grandsons of Esau's wife Adah."

Genesis 36:12, ESV: "(Timna was a concubine of Eliphaz, Esau’s son; she bore Amalek to Eliphaz.) These are the sons of Adah, Esau’s wife."

Genesis 36:12, KJV: "And Timna was concubine to Eliphaz Esau's son; and she bare to Eliphaz Amalek: these were the sons of Adah Esau's wife."

Genesis 36:12, NASB: "Timna was a concubine of Esau’s son Eliphaz, and she bore Amalek to Eliphaz. These are the sons of Esau’s wife Adah."

Genesis 36:12, NLT: "Timna, the concubine of Esau's son Eliphaz, gave birth to a son named Amalek. These are the descendants of Esau's wife Adah."

Genesis 36:12, CSB: "Timna, a concubine of Esau's son Eliphaz, bore Amalek to Eliphaz. These are the sons of Esau's wife Adah."

What does Genesis 36:12 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

The previous verse listed the sons of Esau's son Eliphaz (Genesis 36:11). Now one more son is mentioned, this one born to him by a concubine named Timna. The son's name is Amalek, which means "lives in the valley."

The Amalekite people became one of Israel's worst enemies (Exodus 17:8, 16; Deuteronomy 25:17–19; 1 Samuel 15:2–3).