Genesis 36:13 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Genesis 36:13, NIV: "The sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah and Mizzah. These were grandsons of Esau's wife Basemath."

Genesis 36:13, ESV: "These are the sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. These are the sons of Basemath, Esau’s wife."

Genesis 36:13, KJV: "And these are the sons of Reuel; Nahath, and Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah: these were the sons of Bashemath Esau's wife."

Genesis 36:13, NASB: "And these are the sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. These were the sons of Esau’s wife Basemath."

Genesis 36:13, NLT: "The descendants of Reuel were Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. These are the descendants of Esau's wife Basemath."

Genesis 36:13, CSB: "These are Reuel's sons: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. These are the sons of Esau's wife Basemath."

What does Genesis 36:13 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

After listing the sons and grandsons of Esau by his wife Adah (Genesis 36:10–12), this verse lists his sons and grandsons with his wife Basemath. Her son Reuel sired Nahath, meaning "pure" or "rest," Zerah, or "God has shone," Shammah, translated as "God has heard," and Mizzah, whose name means "fear."

These are part of the nation of Edomites, a culture that would clash with the descendants of Esau's twin brother, the Israelites, throughout the Old Testament (Numbers 20:14–21; 1 Samuel 14:47; 2 Kings 8:20; Obadiah 1:8–11).