Genesis 36:40 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Genesis 36:40, NIV: "These were the chiefs descended from Esau, by name, according to their clans and regions: Timna, Alvah, Jetheth,"

Genesis 36:40, ESV: "These are the names of the chiefs of Esau, according to their clans and their dwelling places, by their names: the chiefs Timna, Alvah, Jetheth,"

Genesis 36:40, KJV: "And these are the names of the dukes that came of Esau, according to their families, after their places, by their names; duke Timnah, duke Alvah, duke Jetheth,"

Genesis 36:40, NASB: "Now these are the names of the chiefs descended from Esau, according to their families and their localities, by their names: chief Timna, chief Alvah, chief Jetheth,"

Genesis 36:40, NLT: "These are the names of the leaders of the clans descended from Esau, who lived in the places named for them: Timna, Alvah, Jetheth,"

Genesis 36:40, CSB: "These are the names of Esau's chiefs, according to their families and their localities, by their names: chief Timna, chief Alvah, chief Jetheth,"

What does Genesis 36:40 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

This final section of the chapter lists the chiefs of Esau in the region of Edom (Genesis 36:1). This list differs both from the list of the sons of Esau (Genesis 36:9–14) and of the kings of Edom (Genesis 36:31–39). It's possible these names came to represent specific clans and geographical regions of Edom.

The chiefs of Esau included Timna, Alvah, and Jetheth.