Genesis 36:19 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Genesis 36:19, NIV: "These were the sons of Esau (that is, Edom), and these were their chiefs."

Genesis 36:19, ESV: "These are the sons of Esau (that is, Edom), and these are their chiefs."

Genesis 36:19, KJV: "These are the sons of Esau, who is Edom, and these are their dukes."

Genesis 36:19, NASB: "These are the sons of Esau (that is, Edom), and these are their chiefs."

Genesis 36:19, NLT: "These are the clans descended from Esau (also known as Edom), identified by their clan leaders."

Genesis 36:19, CSB: "These are the sons of Esau (that is, Edom), and these are their chiefs."

What does Genesis 36:19 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

This summarizes a section of verses listing Esau's sons and grandsons as chiefs of the Edomite people (Genesis 36:15–18).

Genesis repeatedly emphasizes that Esau is Edom (Genesis 36:1). Esau is the twin brother of Jacob (Genesis 25:24–26), who would later be known as Israel (Genesis 35:10). Esau is associated with the word "Edom," meaning "red," partly due to his birth, but also because of an unfortunate incident with his twin (Genesis 25:29–34). The Edomites would come to be bitter enemies of Israelites (Numbers 20:14–21; 1 Samuel 14:47; 2 Kings 8:20; Obadiah 1:8–11).