Genesis 36:39 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Genesis 36:39, NIV: "When Baal-Hanan son of Akbor died, Hadad succeeded him as king. His city was named Pau, and his wife's name was Mehetabel daughter of Matred, the daughter of Me-Zahab."

Genesis 36:39, ESV: "Baal-hanan the son of Achbor died, and Hadar reigned in his place, the name of his city being Pau; his wife’s name was Mehetabel, the daughter of Matred, daughter of Mezahab."

Genesis 36:39, KJV: "And Baalhanan the son of Achbor died, and Hadar reigned in his stead: and the name of his city was Pau; and his wife's name was Mehetabel, the daughter of Matred, the daughter of Mezahab."

Genesis 36:39, NASB: "Then Baal-hanan the son of Achbor died, and Hadar became king in his place; and the name of his city was Pau; and his wife’s name was Mehetabel, the daughter of Matred, daughter of Mezahab."

Genesis 36:39, NLT: "When Baal-hanan son of Acbor died, Hadad became king in his place and ruled from the city of Pau. His wife was Mehetabel, the daughter of Matred and granddaughter of Me-zahab."

Genesis 36:39, CSB: "When Baal-hanan son of Achbor died, Hadar reigned in his place. His city was Pau, and his wife's name was Mehetabel daughter of Matred daughter of Me-zahab."

What does Genesis 36:39 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

In this part of Genesis (Genesis 36:31), kings of Edom (Genesis 36:1) are listed, from a time before Israel (Genesis 35:10) had their first king. Following the death of Baal-hanah (Genesis 36:38), the final king in this list took the throne of Edom, ruling from the city of Pau, also spelled as "Pai" (1 Chronicles 1:50).

King Hadar was married to Mehetabel, whose name means "favored of God." She was the daughter of Matred, daughter of Mazahab. It's unknown precisely why this detail is included. It is noteworthy that the prior king's name is an explicit reference to Baal, the false god of the Canaanites, while this king's wife bears a name more aligned with belief in the God of Israel.