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John 18:32

ESV This was to fulfill the word that Jesus had spoken to show by what kind of death he was going to die.
NIV This took place to fulfill what Jesus had said about the kind of death he was going to die.
NASB This happened so that the word of Jesus which He said, indicating what kind of death He was going to die, would be fulfilled.
CSB They said this so that Jesus's words might be fulfilled indicating what kind of death he was going to die.
NLT (This fulfilled Jesus’ prediction about the way he would die. )
KJV That the saying of Jesus might be fulfilled, which he spake, signifying what death he should die.

What does John 18:32 mean?

"This," as referenced here, is the fact that Roman soldiers, not Jerusalem's priests, will be the ones to put Jesus to death. This is something Christ has already predicted in detail (Matthew 20:18–19; Luke 18:32). Further, crucifixion would fulfill Jesus' reference to being "lifted up" (John 3:14; 12:32). Later, John will point out by being crucified, not stoned, Christ's death did not involve breaking any of His bones, also fulfilling prophecy (Psalm 34:30) and echoing His role as the Passover Lamb (Exodus 12:46; 1 Corinthians 5:7).

Legal or not, it's all but certain that Jews under Roman rule sometimes executed those deemed guilty of blasphemy (Acts 7:54–60). While technically illegal, it's unlikely Rome cared much about a few Jews killing each other over religion. This is why Jerusalem's leaders attempt to frame Jesus as a revolutionary (John 19:12–15; Luke 23:2). If the Romans kill Jesus, his enemies can direct the people's anger (John 12:17–19) towards their occupiers.

It's the suggestion that Jesus is claiming to be "king," in such a way as to defy Rome, that gives Pilate a reason to try Him in the first place (John 18:33).
What is the Gospel?
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