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John 18:11

ESV So Jesus said to Peter, “Put your sword into its sheath; shall I not drink the cup that the Father has given me?”
NIV Jesus commanded Peter, 'Put your sword away! Shall I not drink the cup the Father has given me?'
NASB So Jesus said to Peter, 'Put the sword into the sheath; the cup which the Father has given Me, am I not to drink it?'
CSB At that, Jesus said to Peter, "Put your sword away! Am I not to drink the cup the Father has given me? "
NLT But Jesus said to Peter, 'Put your sword back into its sheath. Shall I not drink from the cup of suffering the Father has given me?'
KJV Then said Jesus unto Peter, Put up thy sword into the sheath: the cup which my Father hath given me, shall I not drink it?

What does John 18:11 mean?

"Drinking from a cup" is imagery often used in Scripture to depict intense emotions or experiences. That includes anguish (Isaiah 51:17; Matthew 20:22–23). Earlier, while praying in the garden, Jesus had referred to His upcoming suffering using the same analogy (Matthew 26:39). The rhetorical question reminds Peter that this is God's plan. In fact, these events are precisely what Jesus told Peter was going to happen (Matthew 16:21–23). Further, Jesus had just demonstrated His power by flooring the entire squadron of soldiers with a word (John 18:6).

Matthew adds further detail to Jesus' criticism of Peter. Christ points out that He could summon "twelve legions of angels" (Matthew 26:53) to His own defense. This implies a force of more than 72,000. Given the immense power of a single angel (2 Kings 19:35), this is another instance of Christ confirming that He goes willingly to this fate (Philippians 2:8).

It's noteworthy that Christ does not tell Peter to abandon his sword. Rather, the command is to put it away (Matthew 26:52). That nuance, as well, highlights that Jesus' sacrifice is voluntary. Had His intent been earthly power, Peter's action might have been reasonable (John 18:36). Jesus is not denouncing self-defense here, He is reminding Peter that this moment is not the right time.
What is the Gospel?
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