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John 18:12

ESV So the band of soldiers and their captain and the officers of the Jews arrested Jesus and bound him.
NIV Then the detachment of soldiers with its commander and the Jewish officials arrested Jesus. They bound him
NASB So the Roman cohort, the commander, and the officers of the Jews arrested Jesus and bound Him,
CSB Then the company of soldiers, the commander, and the Jewish officials arrested Jesus and tied him up.
NLT So the soldiers, their commanding officer, and the Temple guards arrested Jesus and tied him up.
KJV Then the band and the captain and officers of the Jews took Jesus, and bound him,

What does John 18:12 mean?

The "band of soldiers" mentioned here is part of the Roman military, authorized for this purpose. They've been led to a private place by Judas (John 18:1–3), who has turned traitor against His former Master (John 11:57; 13:2–3; Matthew 26:14–16; Luke 22:47–48). When confronted, Jesus did not run or struggle. Despite showing divine power (John 18:4–9) and Peter's demonstrated willingness to fight (John 18:10–11), Christ is not interested in battle. On the contrary, this is the purpose for which He was born (John 18:37). This is part of the plan God has sent Him to complete (Matthew 16:21).

As in other portions of this Gospel, John uses the term "the Jews" in reference to Jewish religious leadership. This is primarily composed of the scribes, Pharisees, and Sadducees (Matthew 21:15; 23:1–3). Jerusalem's ruling class considered Jesus a threat, to their status (John 11:48), their national security (John 11:50), and their reputation (John 12:42–43).

This passage further shows the effects of John writing long after the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke were in circulation. The encounter with Annas (John 18:13) and certain details about Pilate are found here, the other details are left to be covered by the other writings.
What is the Gospel?
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