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Isaiah 11:10

ESV In that day the root of Jesse, who shall stand as a signal for the peoples—of him shall the nations inquire, and his resting place shall be glorious.
NIV In that day the Root of Jesse will stand as a banner for the peoples; the nations will rally to him, and his resting place will be glorious.
NASB Then on that day The nations will resort to the root of Jesse, Who will stand as a signal flag for the peoples; And His resting place will be glorious.
CSB On that day the root of Jesse will stand as a banner for the peoples. The nations will look to him for guidance, and his resting place will be glorious.
NLT In that day the heir to David’s throne will be a banner of salvation to all the world. The nations will rally to him, and the land where he lives will be a glorious place.
KJV And in that day there shall be a root of Jesse, which shall stand for an ensign of the people; to it shall the Gentiles seek: and his rest shall be glorious.

What does Isaiah 11:10 mean?

In this future kingdom of the Messiah, the descendant of Jesse and King David will rule the world with righteousness and faithfulness. (Isaiah 11:1–3). Isaiah is now clarifying that this leader will rule over all the nations of the earth, not just Israel.

Isaiah says that this "root of Jesse" will stand as a signal or banner for all the peoples of the earth. All the nations will ask about Him or rally to Him. In other words, He will not rule the world by conquering it with force. The nations, the peoples of the earth, will be drawn to Him and desire to live under His reign. They will see that His "resting place" or the place where God's glory rests, is glorious. All the nations will acknowledge the Lord and His rule.

The prophet Zechariah described this day, saying, "And the Lord will be king over all the earth. On that day the Lord will be one and his name one" (Zechariah 14:9). Jesus, too, spoke of this moment, "And people will come from east and west, and from north and south, and recline at table in the kingdom of God" (Luke 13:29). Finally, Paul quoted this verse as the reason for his own ministry to the Gentiles, "The root of Jesse will come, even he who arises to rule the Gentiles; in him will the Gentiles hope" (Romans 15:12).
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