Genesis 10:30

ESV The territory in which they lived extended from Mesha in the direction of Sephar to the hill country of the east.
NIV The region where they lived stretched from Mesha toward Sephar, in the eastern hill country.
NASB Now their settlement extended from Mesha going toward Sephar, the hill country of the east.
CSB Their settlements extended from Mesha to Sephar, the eastern hill country.
NLT The territory they occupied extended from Mesha all the way to Sephar in the eastern mountains.
KJV And their dwelling was from Mesha, as thou goest unto Sephar a mount of the east.

What does Genesis 10:30 mean?

The previous few verses listed the 13 sons of Joktan, the son of Eber. The names of several of these sons became well known as specific regions or people groups in the Middle East. This verse describes the geographical territory occupied by the various groups of people descended from Joktan. Scholars are uncertain of exactly what modern day areas these names represent. However, the information given in the broader passage indicates that Joktan was the father of the Arabic people.

This portion of Scripture is devoted to explaining how Shem, Ham, and Japheth, Noah's sons, became the ancestors of all of the world's nations. Some of the names listed here will become associated with famous—or infamous—cities or regions of the Bible. An explanation for how they found themselves living in different locations and speaking different languages, will come in chapter 11. Those details are part of the story of the Tower of Babel (Genesis 11:1–9).
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