Genesis 10:3 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Genesis 10:3, NIV: "The sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, Riphath and Togarmah."

Genesis 10:3, ESV: "The sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah."

Genesis 10:3, KJV: "And the sons of Gomer; Ashkenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah."

Genesis 10:3, NASB: "The sons of Gomer were Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah."

Genesis 10:3, NLT: "The descendants of Gomer were Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah."

Genesis 10:3, CSB: "Gomer's sons: Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah."

What does Genesis 10:3 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

Chapter 10 is sometimes called the table of nations. In listing the names of the descendants of Noah's sons, it is also describing the origins of the nations of the ancient world. The chapter explains the divisions of earth's ancient tribes according to their family line. Rather than a deep line of fathers and sons, this passage shows a broad spread of brothers and cousins.

The previous verse listed Japheth's seven sons. This verse lists three sons of Japheth's son, Gomer. The descendants of these three sons became three tribes who settled to the north of the Promised Land. These people appear to be the Cimmerians, also known as the Scythians.