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John 19:24

ESV so they said to one another, “Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it to see whose it shall be.” This was to fulfill the Scripture which says, “They divided my garments among them, and for my clothing they cast lots.” So the soldiers did these things,
NIV Let's not tear it,' they said to one another. 'Let's decide by lot who will get it.' This happened that the scripture might be fulfilled that said, 'They divided my clothes among them and cast lots for my garment.' So this is what the soldiers did.
NASB So they said to one another, 'Let’s not tear it, but cast lots for it, to decide whose it shall be.' This happened so that the Scripture would be fulfilled: 'THEY DIVIDED MY GARMENTS AMONG THEMSELVES, AND THEY CAST LOTS FOR MY CLOTHING.' Therefore the soldiers did these things.
CSB So they said to one another, "Let's not tear it, but cast lots for it, to see who gets it." This happened that the Scripture might be fulfilled that says: They divided my clothes among themselves, and they cast lots for my clothing. This is what the soldiers did.
NLT So they said, 'Rather than tearing it apart, let’s throw dice for it.' This fulfilled the Scripture that says, 'They divided my garments among themselves and threw dice for my clothing.' So that is what they did.
KJV They said therefore among themselves, Let us not rend it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be: that the scripture might be fulfilled, which saith, They parted my raiment among them, and for my vesture they did cast lots. These things therefore the soldiers did.

What does John 19:24 mean?

Soldiers participating in crucifixion apparently had the right to take what they wanted from the victims. In Jesus' case, there are five articles of clothing: probably some kind of head cover, sandals, a cloak, and a belt. The undergarment, a tunic, seems to have been the highest quality item. Rather than rip the fabric apart, the four men gamble to see who gets to keep a second souvenir (John 19:23). The commanding officer, being well-paid, probably had no interest in those garments at all (Matthew 27:54).

Other gospels note that it was around this time when Jesus expressed forgiveness towards these men who crucified Him (Luke 23:34).

John, also known as one "whom Jesus loved" (John 13:23), has been brave enough to come close to the cross during this time (John 19:26). He would have seen, first-hand, these soldiers shamelessly gambling for a dying man's clothes. John notes how this resembles the words of Psalm 22:18, which depicts an innocent person suffering at the hands of His enemies. Later, as He nears death, Jesus will recite the opening lines of this same Psalm (Matthew 27:46).
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