John 19:14 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

John 19:14, NIV: It was the day of Preparation of the Passover; it was about noon. 'Here is your king,' Pilate said to the Jews.

John 19:14, ESV: Now it was the day of Preparation of the Passover. It was about the sixth hour. He said to the Jews, “Behold your King!”

John 19:14, KJV: And it was the preparation of the passover, and about the sixth hour: and he saith unto the Jews, Behold your King!

John 19:14, NASB: Now it was the day of preparation for the Passover; it was about the sixth hour. And he *said to the Jews, 'Look, your King!'

John 19:14, NLT: It was now about noon on the day of preparation for the Passover. And Pilate said to the people, 'Look, here is your king!'

John 19:14, CSB: It was the preparation day for the Passover, and it was about noon. Then he told the Jews, "Here is your king! "

What does John 19:14 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

John refers to "the day of Preparation of the Passover," which in this case seems to suggest a Friday morning, prior to the celebration of Passover. Instead of preparing to remember Israel's miraculous rescue from Egypt—commemorated by the sacrifice of spotless lambs (Exodus 12:5–6; 13:8–10)—Jerusalem's religious leaders are working to unjustly murder their own Messiah.

Scholars often debate what time system John uses. Most believe he uses a Roman arrangement, much like that used today, which begins at midnight. This would make "the sixth hour" a point in the early morning (John 18:28). Others believe John is using a Jewish reckoning, which would imply a time around noon.

Pilate's declaration of Jesus as "your King" is deliberately misleading. He knows, quite well, that Jesus has not made any claims to earthly political power (John 18:36–38). He also knows this crowd does not see Jesus as their Master. This is simply part of the governor's attempt to save face (John 19:12–13). Rather than risk a riot if he does what is right (Matthew 7:24), Pilate will use the excuse that Jesus is an insurgent. He can simultaneously degrade Jewish leaders (John 19:19–22) by claiming to execute their "King."