John 2:3 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

John 2:3, NIV: "When the wine was gone, Jesus' mother said to him, 'They have no more wine.'"

John 2:3, ESV: "When the wine ran out, the mother of Jesus said to him, “They have no wine.”"

John 2:3, KJV: "And when they wanted wine, the mother of Jesus saith unto him, They have no wine."

John 2:3, NASB: "When the wine ran out, the mother of Jesus *said to Him, 'They have no wine.'"

John 2:3, NLT: "The wine supply ran out during the festivities, so Jesus' mother told him, 'They have no more wine.'"

John 2:3, CSB: "When the wine ran out, Jesus's mother told him, "They don't have any wine.""

What does John 2:3 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

Being a good host was extremely important in this culture. Weddings were important events, and guests were coming from far away. So, it was critical for the bride and groom to make a good impression. Wedding guests expected there to be enough food and drink to last the entire, several-day celebration. Fair or not, just as today, there was a tremendous pressure put on the newlyweds to entertain their guests. Since Jesus' friends and family were poor, it's not surprising that they ran out of wine. This would not have made it any less embarrassing for the couple.

Notice that Mary doesn't make any demands of Jesus. She doesn't even ask Him to do anything in particular. She simply tells Him the problem. There are no instances in Scripture of Mary approaching Jesus with any type of request. Also, note that Jesus had never performed any miracles at this point in His life (John 2:11). Mary's trust in Jesus is that much more impressive, knowing that she had never seen Him perform a miracle, yet. All she knew is that He could solve the problem.