John 2:11 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

John 2:11, NIV: "What Jesus did here in Cana of Galilee was the first of the signs through which he revealed his glory; and his disciples believed in him."

John 2:11, ESV: "This, the first of his signs, Jesus did at Cana in Galilee, and manifested his glory. And his disciples believed in him."

John 2:11, KJV: "This beginning of miracles did Jesus in Cana of Galilee, and manifested forth his glory; and his disciples believed on him."

John 2:11, NASB: "This beginning of His signs Jesus did in Cana of Galilee, and revealed His glory; and His disciples believed in Him."

John 2:11, NLT: "This miraculous sign at Cana in Galilee was the first time Jesus revealed his glory. And his disciples believed in him."

John 2:11, CSB: "Jesus did this, the first of his signs, in Cana of Galilee. He revealed his glory, and his disciples believed in him."

What does John 2:11 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

John describes Jesus' miracles as "signs." There are many terms in Greek which he could have used. These include terms meaning "strange event," "power," or "wonder." Instead, John uses semeion, which literally means "sign." This is important, because a sign always sends a message. Jesus' miracles are specifically meant to prove that He is the Messiah, and the Son of God.

Verse 11 helps us understand why Jesus performed the miracle, and why it was done so quietly. The gift was for the bride and groom, but the miracle was for the disciples, so they would believe in Him. Jesus will gradually reveal more of His power to the disciples over time. This verse also says that this was the first miracle Jesus had ever performed. Moses' first miracle was also a transformation of water, into blood (Exodus 7:20–21), and for judgment. Jesus' first miracle is a transformation of water, into wine—symbolic of blood—and for the sake of grace.