John 2:2 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

John 2:2, NIV: "and Jesus and his disciples had also been invited to the wedding."

John 2:2, ESV: "Jesus also was invited to the wedding with his disciples."

John 2:2, KJV: "And both Jesus was called, and his disciples, to the marriage."

John 2:2, NASB: "and both Jesus and His disciples were invited to the wedding."

John 2:2, NLT: "and Jesus and his disciples were also invited to the celebration."

John 2:2, CSB: "and Jesus and his disciples were invited to the wedding as well."

What does John 2:2 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

The wording of verses 1 and 2 suggest that Jesus' mother Mary was already at the wedding, and Jesus' group arrived later. Based only on verse 2, it's not clear if Jesus was directly invited to the wedding. Since Cana was Nathanael's home town, he might have been the main invited guest, and allowed to bring Jesus with him. Jesus might have been there because He was related to Mary, or as Nathanael's friend.

Ancient Jewish weddings typically lasted several days, and included a great number of guests. Hospitality was a major concern in this culture, so any blunder would be embarrassing for the bride and groom. Neither Jesus, His family, nor his friends were wealthy, so it's not surprising that the married couple didn't have enough supplies to last. At this point, Jesus had only five, perhaps six disciples. These were John, Andrew, Peter, Philip, Nathanael, and possibly James. The upcoming miracle is very subtle—only the servants, Mary, and a few disciples even know that it had occurred.