Isaiah 5:14

ESV Therefore Sheol has enlarged its appetite and opened its mouth beyond measure, and the nobility of Jerusalem and her multitude will go down, her revelers and he who exults in her.
NIV Therefore Death expands its jaws, opening wide its mouth; into it will descend their nobles and masses with all their brawlers and revelers.
NASB Therefore Sheol has enlarged its throat and opened its mouth beyond measure; And Jerusalem’s splendor, her multitude, her noise of revelry, and the jubilant within her, descend into it.
CSB Therefore Sheol enlarges its throat and opens wide its enormous jaws, and down go Zion's dignitaries, her masses, her crowds, and those who celebrate in her!
NLT The grave is licking its lips in anticipation, opening its mouth wide. The great and the lowly and all the drunken mob will be swallowed up.
KJV Therefore hell hath enlarged herself, and opened her mouth without measure: and their glory, and their multitude, and their pomp, and he that rejoiceth, shall descend into it.

What does Isaiah 5:14 mean?

In Hebrew literature, including the Old Testament books, "Sheol" is the grave, the pit, or the place where the dead go. It is often mentioned in connection with a bad end to life or God's judgment. The writer of Psalm 88:3–5 describes it this way:

"For my soul is full of troubles,
and my life draws near to Sheol.
I am counted among those who go down to the pit;
I am a man who has no strength,
like one set loose among the dead,
like the slain that lie in the grave,
like those whom you remember no more,
for they are cut off from your hand."

In this verse, Isaiah personifies Sheol and says it has grown hungry. The prophet paints a picture of Sheol stretching its jaw to devour the wealthy Judean people who have stopped knowing the Lord. Isaiah could not be clearer about what is coming for the people of Jerusalem.

The wealthy and important people will not be able to buy or bargain their way out of what is to come. The nobility will go down into Sheol along with the multitude. The revelers will fall into the same pit along with everyone else. Babylon will carry off many people into captivity (2 Kings 24:14), but many will also die before that moment comes (Isaiah 3:25).
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