Isaiah 1:6

ESV From the sole of the foot even to the head, there is no soundness in it, but bruises and sores and raw wounds; they are not pressed out or bound up or softened with oil.
NIV From the sole of your foot to the top of your head there is no soundness-- only wounds and welts and open sores, not cleansed or bandaged or soothed with olive oil.
NASB From the sole of the foot even to the head There is nothing healthy in it, Only bruises, slashes, and raw wounds; Not pressed out nor bandaged, Nor softened with oil.
CSB From the sole of the foot even to the head, no spot is uninjured -- wounds, welts, and festering sores not cleansed, bandaged, or soothed with oil.
NLT You are battered from head to foot — covered with bruises, welts, and infected wounds — without any soothing ointments or bandages.
KJV From the sole of the foot even unto the head there is no soundness in it; but wounds, and bruises, and putrifying sores: they have not been closed, neither bound up, neither mollified with ointment.

What does Isaiah 1:6 mean?

In this and the previous verse (Isaiah 1:5), the Lord seems to be describing the spiritual condition of Judah, Israel's southern kingdom. Failure to treat spiritual wounds will lead to physical destruction as described in the following verses (Isaiah 1:7–8).

God has said Israel's head is sick and her heart is weak. The people do not understand: all the good they have and need comes from the Lord. So, they continue to rebel. They fight against the one who provides for them. They do not trust Yahweh, and so they grow weaker and weaker.

Now the Lord describes their growing weakness as systemic throughout the "body" of Israel, from the sole of the foot to the head. Nothing about them is spiritually healthy. Israel is covered in spiritual bruises, sores, and open wounds because of her rejection of God. Still, she refuses to treat her wounds (Jeremiah 8:22). That would mean draining boils, bandaging wounds, and applying medicine. Spiritually, it would mean rebuking sin and leading others to properly honor God. The picture is of a limping, bleeding, fainting patient that expects to go about her day as if nothing is wrong. She denies her need for healing and continues to do what causes her harm.

The result of that spiritual weakness will be physical destruction (Isaiah 1:7–8).
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