Genesis 35:26 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Genesis 35:26, NIV: "The sons of Leah's servant Zilpah: Gad and Asher. These were the sons of Jacob, who were born to him in Paddan Aram."

Genesis 35:26, ESV: "The sons of Zilpah, Leah’s servant: Gad and Asher. These were the sons of Jacob who were born to him in Paddan-aram."

Genesis 35:26, KJV: "And the sons of Zilpah, Leah's handmaid; Gad, and Asher: these are the sons of Jacob, which were born to him in Padanaram."

Genesis 35:26, NASB: "and the sons of Zilpah, Leah’s female slave, were Gad and Asher. These were the sons of Jacob who were born to him in Paddan-aram."

Genesis 35:26, NLT: "The sons of Zilpah, Leah's servant, were Gad and Asher. These are the names of the sons who were born to Jacob at Paddan-aram."

Genesis 35:26, CSB: "The sons of Leah's slave Zilpah were Gad and Asher. These are the sons of Jacob, who were born to him in Paddan-aram."

What does Genesis 35:26 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

In this passage, all of Jacob's sons are recorded, grouped by their birth mother. Zilpah was Leah's personal servant, given to her by her father Laban (Genesis 29:24). Leah married Jacob only because her father, Laban, tricked Jacob, who wanted to marry Rachel (Genesis 29:25–28). Jacob's lack of affection for Leah led to a rivalry with Rachel (Genesis 29:30–31). This expressed itself, in part, in a competition about bearing his children. As Rachel did with her servant, Leah brought Zilpah into the marriage as a servant-wife to bear sons on her behalf. According to legal customs of the times, these would have been considered Leah's children.

In this way, Zilpah bore Gad (Genesis 30:11) and Asher (Genesis 30:13).

Aside from Benjamin, recently born to Rachel in the Promised Land of Canaan, Jacob's other 11 sons were all born when he lived and worked with his uncle and father-in-law, Laban, in Paddan-aram.

The list of sons is now complete; Jacob will have no others in this generation. These 12 will begin to fulfill God's promise to grow into multiple nations as they go on to have sons and grandsons of their own.