Romans 9:9 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Romans 9:9, NIV: For this was how the promise was stated: 'At the appointed time I will return, and Sarah will have a son.'

Romans 9:9, ESV: For this is what the promise said: “About this time next year I will return, and Sarah shall have a son.”

Romans 9:9, KJV: For this is the word of promise, At this time will I come, and Sara shall have a son.

Romans 9:9, NASB: For this is the word of promise: 'AT THIS TIME I WILL COME, AND SARAH WILL HAVE A SON.'

Romans 9:9, NLT: For God had promised, 'I will return about this time next year, and Sarah will have a son.'

Romans 9:9, CSB: For this is the statement of the promise: At this time I will come, and Sarah will have a son.

What does Romans 9:9 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

Paul is pulling examples from Israel's history to show what distinguished a "true" Israelite from one who is merely born into the nation. He wants to show, in the end, that God will keep His promises to Israel through those who are truly children of the promise. Mere biology is not the key; what ultimately matters is whether or not a person has the right relationship with God. Paul will use this line of thought to explain why Gentiles, and not only Jews, can be part of God's plan of salvation.

He points here to one of the promises given by God to Abraham. After many years of promising that Abraham and Sarah would have a son, God now promises that Sarah will give birth in one year's time (Genesis 17:21; 18:10, 14). Only that child, Isaac, was the child of a promise. Abraham's other children, born before and after Isaac, were not born as the result of a promise of God.