Romans 9:29 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Romans 9:29, NIV: It is just as Isaiah said previously: 'Unless the Lord Almighty had left us descendants, we would have become like Sodom, we would have been like Gomorrah.'

Romans 9:29, ESV: And as Isaiah predicted, “If the Lord of hosts had not left us offspring, we would have been like Sodom and become like Gomorrah.”

Romans 9:29, KJV: And as Esaias said before, Except the Lord of Sabaoth had left us a seed, we had been as Sodoma, and been made like unto Gomorrha.

Romans 9:29, NASB: And just as Isaiah foretold: 'IF THE LORD OF ARMIES HAD NOT LEFT US DESCENDANTS, WE WOULD HAVE BECOME LIKE SODOM, AND WOULD HAVE BEEN LIKE GOMORRAH.'

Romans 9:29, NLT: And Isaiah said the same thing in another place: 'If the LORD of Heaven's Armies had not spared a few of our children, we would have been wiped out like Sodom, destroyed like Gomorrah.'

Romans 9:29, CSB: And just as Isaiah predicted:If the Lord of Hosts had not left us offspring,we would have become like Sodom,and we would have been made like Gomorrah.

What does Romans 9:29 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

In the previous verses, Paul quoted from Isaiah 10 to prove several points. First, God has kept His promises to Israel. Second, God never promised to eternally save everyone physically born into Israel. Third, God has called out a remnant from among the Jews to be saved through faith in Christ.

Now Paul emphasizes this idea that a remnant will be saved; highlighting the fact that God has not and will not wipe out Israel completely no matter how faithless she has been, by quoting from Isaiah 1:9. Sodom and Gomorrah were judged by God so severely that they were utterly removed from the earth (Genesis 19:24–25). With Israel, though, the Lord of hosts has always spared some from the next generation to carry on as Israel, no matter how severe God's judgment became.

Paul is making the significant claim that God will continue to spare a remnant, now by calling some of the Jewish people out from among the rest through faith in Christ.