Romans 9:25 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Romans 9:25, NIV: As he says in Hosea: 'I will call them 'my people' who are not my people; and I will call her 'my loved one' who is not my loved one,'

Romans 9:25, ESV: As indeed he says in Hosea, “Those who were not my people I will call ‘my people,’ and her who was not beloved I will call ‘beloved.’”

Romans 9:25, KJV: As he saith also in Osee, I will call them my people, which were not my people; and her beloved, which was not beloved.

Romans 9:25, NASB: as He also says in Hosea: 'I WILL CALL THOSE WHO WERE NOT MY PEOPLE, ‘MY PEOPLE,’ AND HER WHO WAS NOT BELOVED, ‘BELOVED.’?'

Romans 9:25, NLT: Concerning the Gentiles, God says in the prophecy of Hosea, 'Those who were not my people, I will now call my people. And I will love those whom I did not love before.'

Romans 9:25, CSB: As it also says in Hosea,I will call Not My People, My People,and she who is Unloved, Beloved.

What does Romans 9:25 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

Once again, Paul reaches back into the history of Israel, preserved in the Scriptures, to support his argument. He has been showing that "not all who are descended from Israel belong to Israel" (Romans 9:6), in addition to insisting that God has chosen to show His mercy to some who are not Israel: to Gentiles.

Here he quotes from a passage (Hosea 2:23) originally written about God's commitment to one day restore the exiled northern ten tribes of Israel. Under inspiration of the Holy Spirit, Paul applies Hosea's text to Gentiles, as well as Jews. Peter appears to have more loosely done a similar thing in 1 Peter 2:10.

In Paul's context, to those who were once not God's people and were not "beloved" by Him, He has now declared to be His people. He calls them "beloved." In this way, God has exercised His right to show mercy on whom He will show mercy, including the Gentiles.