Romans 16:12 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Romans 16:12, NIV: Greet Tryphena and Tryphosa, those women who work hard in the Lord. Greet my dear friend Persis, another woman who has worked very hard in the Lord.

Romans 16:12, ESV: Greet those workers in the Lord, Tryphaena and Tryphosa. Greet the beloved Persis, who has worked hard in the Lord.

Romans 16:12, KJV: Salute Tryphena and Tryphosa, who labour in the Lord. Salute the beloved Persis, which laboured much in the Lord.

Romans 16:12, NASB: Greet Tryphaena and Tryphosa, workers in the Lord. Greet Persis the beloved, who has worked hard in the Lord.

Romans 16:12, NLT: Give my greetings to Tryphena and Tryphosa, the Lord's workers, and to dear Persis, who has worked so hard for the Lord.

Romans 16:12, CSB: Greet Tryphaena and Tryphosa, who have worked hard in the Lord. Greet my dear friend Persis, who has worked very hard in the Lord.

What does Romans 16:12 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

Paul adds three more names to his list of people for his readers in Rome to greet on his behalf. Tryphaena and Tryphosa are thought to be sisters and perhaps slaves or former slaves. Their names come from a word that means "delicate" or "dainty." Paul describes them as women who worked hard in the Lord. Persis, perhaps another slave or former slave, is also described as one who worked hard in the Lord and who is beloved.

Paul often commends Christians for their diligence and hard work, especially when done in ministry or in the Lord. In the previous chapter, he described himself as being proud of his own work while quickly acknowledging that it was Christ who had accomplished that work through him (Romans 15:17–19). One of the mysteries of the Christian life is that God uses His own power to amplify our hard work in the Lord for His grand purposes.