Luke 6:10

ESV And after looking around at them all he said to him, “Stretch out your hand.” And he did so, and his hand was restored.
NIV He looked around at them all, and then said to the man, 'Stretch out your hand.' He did so, and his hand was completely restored.
NASB And after looking around at them all, He said to him, 'Stretch out your hand!' And he did so; and his hand was restored.
CSB After looking around at them all, he told him, "Stretch out your hand." He did, and his hand was restored.
NLT He looked around at them one by one and then said to the man, 'Hold out your hand.' So the man held out his hand, and it was restored!
KJV And looking round about upon them all, he said unto the man, Stretch forth thy hand. And he did so: and his hand was restored whole as the other.

What does Luke 6:10 mean?

The man Jesus now speaks with has a withered hand (Luke 6:6–9). This might have been due to a condition such as polio, which causes paralysis and atrophy. Jesus looks at the Pharisees, with what Mark indicates is a mixture of anger and grief (Mark 3:5). Then He tells the man to straighten his hand. Both Jesus and the man have now straightened a limb for the purpose of healing. As far as the Pharisees are considered, Jesus not only just broke the Sabbath laws, but He incited another man to, as well.

The manmade Sabbath laws state that if someone's life is in danger on the Sabbath, Jews are required to do what they can to save it. It's an exception to the rule, and so they won't be punished. But they may not deliberately take any steps that would result in the cure of a disease or the treatment of a wound.

The commentary on Mishnah Shabbat 22:6 gives specifics. No one may straighten a child's arms, legs, or vertebrae. Some rabbis say no one may set a broken bone. And no one may shake a dislocated limb in water to put it back into place. These are applications of Shabbat 7:2 which gives thirty-nine Sabbath restrictions based on the building and care of the tabernacle. Fixing a bone is too close to acts like demolition and rebuilding of a structure.

The Pharisees are wrong, however. First, the thirty-nine Sabbath laws and countless applications are manmade additions imposed upon the God-given Mosaic law. Second, God always intended the Sabbath to be a blessing, not a burden (Mark 2:27). Gaining a functioning hand is certainly a blessing in a culture of manual labor. Third, the fact that Jesus successfully performs a divinely empowered healing on the Sabbath at the synagogue should tell the Pharisees that God endorses the act.

The Pharisees' breach of the Sabbath law is far greater than Jesus'. As soon as they leave, they conspire with the sect of Jews who support the political control of the Herodian empire to destroy Jesus (Luke 6:11; Mark 3:6). Ironically, for these men, arranging a murder doesn't count as work.
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