Luke chapter 8

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4And when much people were gathered together, and were come to him out of every city, he spake by a parable: 5A sower went out to sow his seed: and as he sowed, some fell by the way side; and it was trodden down, and the fowls of the air devoured it. 6And some fell upon a rock; and as soon as it was sprung up, it withered away, because it lacked moisture. 7And some fell among thorns; and the thorns sprang up with it, and choked it. 8And other fell on good ground, and sprang up, and bare fruit an hundredfold. And when he had said these things, he cried, He that hath ears to hear, let him hear. 9And his disciples asked him, saying, What might this parable be? 10And he said, Unto you it is given to know the mysteries of the kingdom of God: but to others in parables; that seeing they might not see, and hearing they might not understand. 11Now the parable is this: The seed is the word of God. 12Those by the way side are they that hear; then cometh the devil, and taketh away the word out of their hearts, lest they should believe and be saved. 13They on the rock are they, which, when they hear, receive the word with joy; and these have no root, which for a while believe, and in time of temptation fall away. 14And that which fell among thorns are they, which, when they have heard, go forth, and are choked with cares and riches and pleasures of this life, and bring no fruit to perfection. 15But that on the good ground are they, which in an honest and good heart, having heard the word, keep it, and bring forth fruit with patience. 16No man, when he hath lighted a candle, covereth it with a vessel, or putteth it under a bed; but setteth it on a candlestick, that they which enter in may see the light. 17For nothing is secret, that shall not be made manifest; neither any thing hid, that shall not be known and come abroad. 18Take heed therefore how ye hear: for whosoever hath, to him shall be given; and whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken even that which he seemeth to have. 19Then came to him his mother and his brethren, and could not come at him for the press. 20And it was told him by certain which said, Thy mother and thy brethren stand without, desiring to see thee. 21And he answered and said unto them, My mother and my brethren are these which hear the word of God, and do it.
22Now it came to pass on a certain day, that he went into a ship with his disciples: and he said unto them, Let us go over unto the other side of the lake. And they launched forth. 23But as they sailed he fell asleep: and there came down a storm of wind on the lake; and they were filled with water, and were in jeopardy. 24And they came to him, and awoke him, saying, Master, master, we perish. Then he arose, and rebuked the wind and the raging of the water: and they ceased, and there was a calm. 25And he said unto them, Where is your faith? And they being afraid wondered, saying one to another, What manner of man is this! for he commandeth even the winds and water, and they obey him. 26And they arrived at the country of the Gadarenes, which is over against Galilee. 27And when he went forth to land, there met him out of the city a certain man, which had devils long time, and ware no clothes, neither abode in any house, but in the tombs. 28When he saw Jesus, he cried out, and fell down before him, and with a loud voice said, What have I to do with thee, Jesus, thou Son of God most high? I beseech thee, torment me not. 29(For he had commanded the unclean spirit to come out of the man. For oftentimes it had caught him: and he was kept bound with chains and in fetters; and he brake the bands, and was driven of the devil into the wilderness.) 30And Jesus asked him, saying, What is thy name? And he said, Legion: because many devils were entered into him. 31And they besought him that he would not command them to go out into the deep. 32And there was there an herd of many swine feeding on the mountain: and they besought him that he would suffer them to enter into them. And he suffered them. 33Then went the devils out of the man, and entered into the swine: and the herd ran violently down a steep place into the lake, and were choked. 34When they that fed them saw what was done, they fled, and went and told it in the city and in the country. 35Then they went out to see what was done; and came to Jesus, and found the man, out of whom the devils were departed, sitting at the feet of Jesus, clothed, and in his right mind: and they were afraid. 36They also which saw it told them by what means he that was possessed of the devils was healed. 37Then the whole multitude of the country of the Gadarenes round about besought him to depart from them; for they were taken with great fear: and he went up into the ship, and returned back again. 38Now the man out of whom the devils were departed besought him that he might be with him: but Jesus sent him away, saying, 39Return to thine own house, and shew how great things God hath done unto thee. And he went his way, and published throughout the whole city how great things Jesus had done unto him.
40And it came to pass, that, when Jesus was returned, the people gladly received him: for they were all waiting for him. 41And, behold, there came a man named Jairus, and he was a ruler of the synagogue: and he fell down at Jesus' feet, and besought him that he would come into his house: 42For he had one only daughter, about twelve years of age, and she lay a dying. But as he went the people thronged him. 43And a woman having an issue of blood twelve years, which had spent all her living upon physicians, neither could be healed of any, 44Came behind him, and touched the border of his garment: and immediately her issue of blood stanched. 45And Jesus said, Who touched me? When all denied, Peter and they that were with him said, Master, the multitude throng thee and press thee, and sayest thou, Who touched me? 46And Jesus said, Somebody hath touched me: for I perceive that virtue is gone out of me. 47And when the woman saw that she was not hid, she came trembling, and falling down before him, she declared unto him before all the people for what cause she had touched him, and how she was healed immediately. 48And he said unto her, Daughter, be of good comfort: thy faith hath made thee whole; go in peace. 49While he yet spake, there cometh one from the ruler of the synagogue's house, saying to him, Thy daughter is dead; trouble not the Master. 50But when Jesus heard it, he answered him, saying, Fear not: believe only, and she shall be made whole. 51And when he came into the house, he suffered no man to go in, save Peter, and James, and John, and the father and the mother of the maiden. 52And all wept, and bewailed her: but he said, Weep not; she is not dead, but sleepeth. 53And they laughed him to scorn, knowing that she was dead. 54And he put them all out, and took her by the hand, and called, saying, Maid, arise. 55And her spirit came again, and she arose straightway: and he commanded to give her meat. 56And her parents were astonished: but he charged them that they should tell no man what was done.

What does Luke chapter 8 mean?

Throughout his account of Jesus' Galilean ministry (Luke 4:14—9:50), Luke has alternated stories which reveal Jesus' character and expectations for His followers with calls for His hearers to follow Him. Luke 8 is no exception. Luke 7:1—8:3 describes Jesus' blessings toward those faithful who fell outside Jewish bounds of respectability. Luke 8:4–18 describes some of the mechanics of the call to follow Him. Luke 8:19—9:17 gives stories about the faith people show after engaging with Him in different ways.

Luke 8:1–3 describes women who financially support Jesus and His disciples. This serves as a transition section between chapters 7 and 8. Like the other characters of chapter 7, the women are not part of typical ancient Jewish circles of influence or power. Like the centurion who built the synagogue (Luke 7:1–10) and the sinful woman who poured perfume on Jesus' feet (Luke 7:36–38), they use their resources to glorify God.

Luke 8:4–15, the "parable of the sower," provides a basic outline describing different reactions to the gospel message. Those who hear will respond depending on their receptivity and their attachment to the world. The parable of the sower is also found in Matthew 13:1–23 and Mark 4:1–20. Luke uses it in a different way. Where Matthew and Mark place it in a group of parables about God's kingdom, Luke uses it more directly as a call to believe for salvation. Luke then records several miracles and interactions demonstrating different reactions to Jesus' message: people as the different "soils" that receive the seed of the gospel confirmed by miracles.

In Luke 8:16–18, Jesus tells the "parable of the lamp under the jar." Like a light on a stand is meant to be seen, so Jesus shares the gospel for people to hear and accept. Mark 4:21–25 also records the parable of the lamp. Matthew includes a similar parable exhorting Jesus-followers to spread the gospel, not merely to accept it (Matthew 5:14–16).

Luke 8:19–21 presents the first example of how people respond to the gospel. Jesus' mother and brothers want to see Him. They stand "outside" as a metaphor for rejection of His gospel. Those who are "inside" hear His message and accept it. Jesus' followers are His true family. Of course, according to the Bible, His mother and brothers eventually accept Him as their Savior. Jesus' initial rejection by family is also recorded in Matthew 12:46–50 and Mark 3:31–35.

In Luke 8:22–25, the theme continues. The disciples have heard Jesus' message; now they witness His power over the uncontrollable power and chaos of the stormy sea. The seed of worldly physical salvation falls on "soil" choked with the "thorns" of a sea that is trying to kill them. When Jesus calms the storm, the disciples must decide what it means and who Jesus is. Jesus' power over the storm and the disciples' confusion are also found in Matthew 8:18, 23–27 and Mark 4:35–41.

Luke 8:26–39 gives the well-known account of the man possessed by a legion of demons. By expelling the demons, Jesus provides worldly spiritual salvation. The fertile soil of the man accepts it gladly. The townspeople, choked by thorns, are too afraid. Matthew 8:28–34 and Mark 5:1–20 also record Jesus' exorcism of Legion.

The chapter ends with the healing of Jairus's daughter and the woman with an issue of blood (Luke 8:40–56), another nested story like that of the Pharisee and the sinful woman (Luke 7:36–50). In addition to providing a woman salvation from illness, Jesus also saves a girl from death. Jesus praises the woman with an issue of blood for her faith. The response to the girl's resurrection is open-ended. How do the disciples, the townspeople, and the family react to the girl's resurrection? Luke leaves the question for us to answer for ourselves. Jairus, his daughter, and the woman are also mentioned in Matthew 9:18–26 and Mark 5:21–43.

Luke 9:1–17 continues the stories of Jesus' power with an added aside to mention Herod Antipas' confusion as to whether Jesus is John the Baptist. In the last section of Jesus' Galilean ministry, Jesus calls His disciples to greater faith (Luke 9:18–50). Then He moves on toward Jerusalem.
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