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John 16:31

ESV Jesus answered them, “Do you now believe?
NIV Do you now believe?' Jesus replied.
NASB Jesus replied to them, 'Do you now believe?
CSB Jesus responded to them, "Do you now believe?
NLT Jesus asked, 'Do you finally believe?
KJV Jesus answered them, Do ye now believe?

What does John 16:31 mean?

Much of Jesus' teaching could not be fully understood until after His resurrection (John 2:22) and with the help of the Holy Spirit (John 16:12–13). That didn't stop the disciples from frequently being overconfident in their own understanding. Peter was sharply corrected by Christ earlier in this same conversation, for that reason (John 13:36–38). When Jesus began to promise that He would begin speaking plainly and directly to His followers (John 16:25), the disciples seem to have assumed they had already been given the spiritual clarity Jesus predicted (John 16:29–30).

Christ's response is almost always translated in the form of a question. The upcoming context shows He knows the disciples fail to understand what is about to happen. This statement is challenging, and comes across as a gentle form of sarcasm: oh, you understand, do you? In truth, there is still a time of fear and doubt yet to come (John 16:20–22). Just as Peter had yet to go through his denial of Christ (John 13:36–38), the entire group of disciples will initially react to Jesus' arrest (John 18:1–3) in fear and panic (John 16:32).
What is the Gospel?
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