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Isaiah 6:13

ESV And though a tenth remain in it, it will be burned again, like a terebinth or an oak, whose stump remains when it is felled.” The holy seed is its stump.
NIV And though a tenth remains in the land, it will again be laid waste. But as the terebinth and oak leave stumps when they are cut down, so the holy seed will be the stump in the land.'
NASB Yet there will still be a tenth portion in it, And it will again be subject to burning, Like a terebinth or an oak Whose stump remains when it is cut down. The holy seed is its stump.'
CSB Though a tenth will remain in the land, it will be burned again. Like the terebinth or the oak that leaves a stump when felled, the holy seed is the stump.
NLT If even a tenth — a remnant — survive, it will be invaded again and burned. But as a terebinth or oak tree leaves a stump when it is cut down, so Israel’s stump will be a holy seed.'
KJV But yet in it shall be a tenth, and it shall return, and shall be eaten: as a teil tree, and as an oak, whose substance is in them, when they cast their leaves: so the holy seed shall be the substance thereof.

What does Isaiah 6:13 mean?

When Isaiah has asked the Lord, "How long?", he seems to have meant how long he must keep preaching about God's coming judgment. The Lord has said that Isaiah must continue preaching until judgment comes in the form of the people being carried off into exile and the land being left in desolation and emptiness (Isaiah 6:11–12).

If even a ten percent of the people remain in the Lord, judgement will come again. In mentioning the terebinth tree and the oak, the Lord is describing a forest that has been cut down and the remaining stumps are burned to keep them from growing back. The destruction left behind offers little hope of new life.

However, these harsh verses of warning end with the slightest hope, "the holy seed is its stump". In other words, out of the burned remains of one of the trees of Judah, metaphorically speaking, a shoot of new growth will spring up.

Though the people of his generation will not respond to his preaching, the hope of Isaiah's messages rest in this "holy seed". This "seed" points to the coming Messiah who will bring salvation to the world.
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