Matthew 16:1

ESV And the Pharisees and Sadducees came, and to test him they asked him to show them a sign from heaven.
NIV The Pharisees and Sadducees came to Jesus and tested him by asking him to show them a sign from heaven.
NASB The Pharisees and Sadducees came up, and putting Jesus to the test, they asked Him to show them a sign from heaven.
CSB The Pharisees and Sadducees approached, and tested him, asking him to show them a sign from heaven.
NLT One day the Pharisees and Sadducees came to test Jesus, demanding that he show them a miraculous sign from heaven to prove his authority.
KJV The Pharisees also with the Sadducees came, and tempting desired him that he would shew them a sign from heaven.

What does Matthew 16:1 mean?

Jesus and His disciples have returned to the west side of the Sea of Galilee after spending some time in the region of the Gentiles (Matthew 15:21). Matthew next records that Jesus is approached by a group of Jewish religious leaders that includes both Pharisees and Sadducees. This is noteworthy since these two sects did not get along easily. They often openly opposed each other. The Pharisees were Israel's teachers, with the closest connection to the people. The Sadducees held political power and were found mostly in and around Jerusalem. The fact that they approach Jesus together may show that they had unified to oppose this threat to their power and the status quo in Israel.

Based on other incidents, it's clear these men did not come to sincerely ask for evidence that Jesus was the Messiah (Matthew 12:1–2; 9–10, 24). Rather, they came hoping to catch Him doing something for which they could discredit Him or end His public ministry. These men are already aware of many miraculous acts done by Jesus (Matthew 12:13–14, 22), including healing diseases and afflictions, and casting out demons. Ignoring all evidence, while asking for more, is a sign of dishonesty.

Performing at the beck and call of hardened skeptics is not part of Jesus' mission; He will not satisfy their request.
What is the Gospel?
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