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John 20:9

ESV for as yet they did not understand the Scripture, that he must rise from the dead.
NIV (They still did not understand from Scripture that Jesus had to rise from the dead.)
NASB For they did not yet understand the Scripture, that He must rise from the dead.
CSB For they did not yet understand the Scripture that he must rise from the dead.
NLT for until then they still hadn’t understood the Scriptures that said Jesus must rise from the dead.
KJV For as yet they knew not the scripture, that he must rise again from the dead.

What does John 20:9 mean?

Jesus often spoke about His death and resurrection, long before He was arrested and executed (John 2:19–22; Mark 9:31; Luke 18:33; 24:46). Looking back, modern readers often wonder why the disciples struggled to understand. They were likely dealing with resistance. They may have assumed Jesus is speaking in metaphor. Or, that His resurrection would involve a spectacular, earth-shaking display. In the moment, as Peter and John come to investigate an empty tomb (John 20:1–6), they are not mentally prepared to understand that Jesus is alive.

This comment comes as an explanation of John's reaction (John 20:7–8). When Peter went into the tomb, he noticed that the face cloth (John 11:44) in which Jesus was buried (John 19:40) was neatly folded in a separate place. That detail seems to have snapped John's mind to a certain idea: that it was Jesus, now alive, who put it there. Even now, it's likely John does not fully understand everything this implies. He and the other disciples will continue to huddle in fear (John 20:19). However, in some way, John's understanding was greatly helped by this evidence. He "believes."
What is the Gospel?
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