Genesis 45:23 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Genesis 45:23, NIV: And this is what he sent to his father: ten donkeys loaded with the best things of Egypt, and ten female donkeys loaded with grain and bread and other provisions for his journey.

Genesis 45:23, ESV: To his father he sent as follows: ten donkeys loaded with the good things of Egypt, and ten female donkeys loaded with grain, bread, and provision for his father on the journey.

Genesis 45:23, KJV: And to his father he sent after this manner; ten asses laden with the good things of Egypt, and ten she asses laden with corn and bread and meat for his father by the way.

Genesis 45:23, NASB: And to his father he sent the following: ten male donkeys loaded with the best things of Egypt, ten female donkeys loaded with grain, bread, and sustenance for his father on the journey.

Genesis 45:23, NLT: He also sent his father ten male donkeys loaded with the finest products of Egypt, and ten female donkeys loaded with grain and bread and other supplies he would need on his journey.

Genesis 45:23, CSB: He sent his father the following: ten donkeys carrying the best products of Egypt and ten female donkeys carrying grain, food, and provisions for his father on the journey.

What does Genesis 45:23 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

Under the happy command of Egypt's own king, Joseph is outfitting his brothers for a trip to relocate their entire family (Genesis 45:16–20). Joseph is sending enough wagons to transport his father Jacob, his brothers, and all their wives and children. Even though the world is gripped in an intense famine (Genesis 45:6), there might be some question about whether Jacob will agree to the move. He knows Canaan is the land of God's promise (Genesis 28:15–16). He might not believe, at first, that his son Joseph has been alive all this time (Genesis 37:31–34).

To reassure Jacob, Joseph has given extravagant gifts to his brothers. This includes clothing—perhaps mirroring Jacob's own use of an expensive cloak to show favor to Joseph many years ago (Genesis 37:1–4). He also adds gifts for Jacob himself: ten donkeys loaded down with choice gifts from Egypt, evidence that Jacob's family will lack for nothing after their move. Another ten female donkeys were loaded with all the food and provisions necessary for the large family's return trip.