Genesis 45:1 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Genesis 45:1, NIV: Then Joseph could no longer control himself before all his attendants, and he cried out, 'Have everyone leave my presence!' So there was no one with Joseph when he made himself known to his brothers.

Genesis 45:1, ESV: Then Joseph could not control himself before all those who stood by him. He cried, “Make everyone go out from me.” So no one stayed with him when Joseph made himself known to his brothers.

Genesis 45:1, KJV: Then Joseph could not refrain himself before all them that stood by him; and he cried, Cause every man to go out from me. And there stood no man with him, while Joseph made himself known unto his brethren.

Genesis 45:1, NASB: Then Joseph could not control himself in front of everyone standing before him, and he shouted, 'Have everyone leave me!' So there was no one with him when Joseph made himself known to his brothers.

Genesis 45:1, NLT: Joseph could stand it no longer. There were many people in the room, and he said to his attendants, 'Out, all of you!' So he was alone with his brothers when he told them who he was.

Genesis 45:1, CSB: Joseph could no longer keep his composure in front of all his attendants, so he called out, "Send everyone away from me! " No one was with him when he revealed his identity to his brothers.

What does Genesis 45:1 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

Joseph fought to control his emotions in response to seeing the brothers who sold him into slavery 22 years ago (Genesis 37:24–28). They have visited Egypt to buy food but did not recognize him (Genesis 42:7–8) in his role as the nation's governor. He wept after finally setting eyes on his younger brother Benjamin (Genesis 43:29–30). He has tested his brothers with a silver cup, to see if they would abandon Benjamin (Genesis 44:1–6).

Judah's sacrificial plea has finally brought Joseph to the end of his resolve (Genesis 44:18–34). After hearing how his father grieved for him and would grieve for Benjamin—and then hearing Judah's noble offer to take Benjamin's place as a slave in Egypt—Joseph can't hold it back any longer.

He begins to cry and orders everyone but his 11 brothers to leave the room. This would have been unusual for everyone present. Joseph is now an influential leader of the nation (Genesis 41:44), with all the trappings of power. Joseph may have been speaking to his brothers through an interpreter this whole time (Genesis 42:23), to further disguise the fact that he was a Hebrew. In addition, Joseph's servants would be hesitant to leave him alone in a room with accused criminals.

Still, when the time had come to reveal his true identity, Joseph did not want to share the moment with anyone but his brothers.