Genesis 41:41 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Genesis 41:41, NIV: So Pharaoh said to Joseph, 'I hereby put you in charge of the whole land of Egypt.'

Genesis 41:41, ESV: And Pharaoh said to Joseph, “See, I have set you over all the land of Egypt.”

Genesis 41:41, KJV: And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, See, I have set thee over all the land of Egypt.

Genesis 41:41, NASB: Pharaoh also said to Joseph, 'See, I have placed you over all the land of Egypt.'

Genesis 41:41, NLT: Pharaoh said to Joseph, 'I hereby put you in charge of the entire land of Egypt.'

Genesis 41:41, CSB: Pharaoh also said to Joseph, "See, I am placing you over all the land of Egypt."

What does Genesis 41:41 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

Repetition was a common technique in ancient literature. In an era where writing materials were relatively precious, recording a statement twice implied a great level of importance. The same, to a lesser extent, applied to repeating a statement when it was spoken. In this encounter with Pharaoh, God has sent two dreams repeating the same message (Genesis 41:1–7). Joseph has noted that this implies absolute certainty from God (Genesis 41:32). Joseph, as well, repeated the interpretation of the dreams twice (Genesis 41:25–31).

As if echoing that solemn certainty, Pharaoh repeats his intent to make Joseph the second most powerful man in the nation (Genesis 41:39–40). The term de facto means "in reality" or "in practice;" though Pharaoh is the ultimate source of power, Joseph has become the de facto ruler of the entire land of Egypt.

Historians point to a position in the ancient Egyptian power structure known as the "vizier." This person may have held similar authority, under the Pharaoh, as is described being given to Joseph. It's possible that Pharaoh has given this established position to the young Hebrew slave. It's also possible Pharaoh has simply handed control of the daily functioning of his kingdom to Joseph in order to save his people from the coming famine.

In any case, Joseph will now wield enormous authority in Pharaoh's name. What follows are the steps taken to make Joseph an official, confirmed member of the Egyptian nation (Genesis 41:42–45).