Genesis 14:9 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Genesis 14:9, NIV: "against Kedorlaomer king of Elam, Tidal king of Goyim, Amraphel king of Shinar and Arioch king of Ellasar--four kings against five."

Genesis 14:9, ESV: "with Chedorlaomer king of Elam, Tidal king of Goiim, Amraphel king of Shinar, and Arioch king of Ellasar, four kings against five."

Genesis 14:9, KJV: "With Chedorlaomer the king of Elam, and with Tidal king of nations, and Amraphel king of Shinar, and Arioch king of Ellasar; four kings with five."

Genesis 14:9, NASB: "against Chedorlaomer king of Elam, Tidal king of Goiim, Amraphel king of Shinar, and Arioch king of Ellasar—four kings against five."

Genesis 14:9, NLT: "They fought against King Kedorlaomer of Elam, King Tidal of Goiim, King Amraphel of Babylonia, and King Arioch of Ellasar--four kings against five."

Genesis 14:9, CSB: "against King Chedorlaomer of Elam, King Tidal of Goiim, King Amraphel of Shinar, and King Arioch of Ellasar--four kings against five."

What does Genesis 14:9 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

In this passage, four kings of the east, led by Chedorlaomer, king of Elam, have gone to war against the city-states and peoples of the land of Canaan. This is in response to rebellion among these Canaanite tribes. So far, the army has defeated everyone in its path, a southerly line east of the Jordan River all the way to the edge of the southern wilderness. Then, this counter-revolutionary force turns back north to defeat Kadesh and the peoples south of the Dead Sea.

Now the four kings listed in this verse come to the Valley of Siddim to do battle against the five kings of the city-states grouped at the southern end of the Dead Sea. Those five kings include the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah. Apparently, the battle won't last long, since the Bible only describes the aftermath, rather than the battle itself.