Genesis 14:13 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Genesis 14:13, NIV: "A man who had escaped came and reported this to Abram the Hebrew. Now Abram was living near the great trees of Mamre the Amorite, a brother of Eshkol and Aner, all of whom were allied with Abram."

Genesis 14:13, ESV: "Then one who had escaped came and told Abram the Hebrew, who was living by the oaks of Mamre the Amorite, brother of Eshcol and of Aner. These were allies of Abram."

Genesis 14:13, KJV: "And there came one that had escaped, and told Abram the Hebrew; for he dwelt in the plain of Mamre the Amorite, brother of Eshcol, and brother of Aner: and these were confederate with Abram."

Genesis 14:13, NASB: "Then a survivor came and told Abram the Hebrew. Now he was residing by the oaks of Mamre the Amorite, brother of Eshcol and brother of Aner, and they were allies with Abram."

Genesis 14:13, NLT: "But one of Lot's men escaped and reported everything to Abram the Hebrew, who was living near the oak grove belonging to Mamre the Amorite. Mamre and his relatives, Eshcol and Aner, were Abram's allies."

Genesis 14:13, CSB: "One of the survivors came and told Abram the Hebrew, who lived near the oaks belonging to Mamre the Amorite, the brother of Eshcol and the brother of Aner. They were bound by a treaty with Abram."

What does Genesis 14:13 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

Lot and all he owns has been taken by a powerful military force from the east led by the king of Elam, Chedorlaomer. Lot was scooped up along with all of Sodom's and Gomorrah's possessions and provisions after Chedorlaomer's forces had defeated them in battle. Lot, it seems, has quickly gone from choosing to live in the region of Sodom (Genesis 13:10), to living very near Sodom (Genesis 13:12), to actually living in Sodom (Genesis 14:11–12; Genesis 19:1). This, despite its reputation for depravity (Genesis 13:13).

Now Abram learns from a survivor of that battle of Lot's capture. Abram is referred to here as a Hebrew, the first use of this term in the Bible. This was, apparently, the name for a particular kind of outsider in Canaanite society. Abram is still living near Hebron, near the oaks (or large trees) on land owned by an Amorite named Mamre. Abram and Mamre are called allies, along with two of Mamre's brothers.