Genesis 14:5 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Genesis 14:5, NIV: "In the fourteenth year, Kedorlaomer and the kings allied with him went out and defeated the Rephaites in Ashteroth Karnaim, the Zuzites in Ham, the Emites in Shaveh Kiriathaim"

Genesis 14:5, ESV: "In the fourteenth year Chedorlaomer and the kings who were with him came and defeated the Rephaim in Ashteroth-karnaim, the Zuzim in Ham, the Emim in Shaveh-kiriathaim,"

Genesis 14:5, KJV: "And in the fourteenth year came Chedorlaomer, and the kings that were with him, and smote the Rephaims in Ashteroth Karnaim, and the Zuzims in Ham, and the Emims in Shaveh Kiriathaim,"

Genesis 14:5, NASB: "And in the fourteenth year Chedorlaomer and the kings who were with him came and defeated the Rephaim in Ashteroth-karnaim, and the Zuzim in Ham, and the Emim in Shaveh-kiriathaim,"

Genesis 14:5, NLT: "One year later Kedorlaomer and his allies arrived and defeated the Rephaites at Ashteroth-karnaim, the Zuzites at Ham, the Emites at Shaveh-kiriathaim,"

Genesis 14:5, CSB: "In the fourteenth year Chedorlaomer and the kings who were with him came and defeated the Rephaim in Ashteroth-karnaim, the Zuzim in Ham, the Emim in Shaveh-kiriathaim,"

What does Genesis 14:5 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

For twelve years, Chedorlaomer, king of Elam, and three other kings of eastern city-states had ruled Canaan's city-states. In the thirteenth year, five of those city-states grouped at the southern end of the Dead Sea (including Sodom and Gomorrah) rebelled. Perhaps other city-states in the region also rebelled. In the fourteenth year, Chedorlaomer and the other three kings went to war against the Canaanite city-states. This demonstrates just how long war and politics could take in this era: more than a year passed between the initial rebellion and the resulting invasion.

Their route took them south along a line east of the Jordan river, where they defeated peoples known as the Rephaim, the Zuzim, and the Emim. The following verses will describe how this path led the four eastern kings back up and around to the Dead Sea, then back northward.