Romans 5:15 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Romans 5:15, NIV: "But the gift is not like the trespass. For if the many died by the trespass of the one man, how much more did God's grace and the gift that came by the grace of the one man, Jesus Christ, overflow to the many!"

Romans 5:15, ESV: "But the free gift is not like the trespass. For if many died through one man’s trespass, much more have the grace of God and the free gift by the grace of that one man Jesus Christ abounded for many."

Romans 5:15, KJV: "But not as the offence, so also is the free gift. For if through the offence of one many be dead, much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, which is by one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many."

Romans 5:15, NASB: "But the gracious gift is not like the offense. For if by the offense of the one the many died, much more did the grace of God and the gift by the grace of the one Man, Jesus Christ, overflow to the many."

Romans 5:15, NLT: "But there is a great difference between Adam's sin and God's gracious gift. For the sin of this one man, Adam, brought death to many. But even greater is God's wonderful grace and his gift of forgiveness to many through this other man, Jesus Christ."

Romans 5:15, CSB: "But the gift is not like the trespass. For if by the one man's trespass the many died, how much more have the grace of God and the gift which comes through the grace of the one man Jesus Christ overflowed to the many."

What does Romans 5:15 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

In the previous verse, Paul described Adam as a "type" of Christ. This doesn't mean that Adam had Christ-like qualities, but that they were alike in that their choices affected many, many people. One single action by Adam brought death to all who came after him. Adam broke God's command, bringing both sin and the resulting death into the world.

Now Paul says that the free gift, Jesus' choice, is not like Adam's sin. What is the free gift? It is the action Christ took by dying in our place for our sin on the cross. The free gift brings salvation from death, rescue from the wrath of God, in judgment on sin.

Adam's action brought death to many people. Jesus' action brought the grace of God to many people. This free gift of God's grace brings the opportunity for life, for salvation, to everyone. All who trust in Christ will receive this gift, rather than facing death because of Adam's introduction of sin into the world.