Matthew 27:48

ESV And one of them at once ran and took a sponge, filled it with sour wine, and put it on a reed and gave it to him to drink.
NIV Immediately one of them ran and got a sponge. He filled it with wine vinegar, put it on a staff, and offered it to Jesus to drink.
NASB And immediately one of them ran, and taking a sponge, he filled it with sour wine and put it on a reed, and gave Him a drink.
CSB Immediately one of them ran and got a sponge, filled it with sour wine, put it on a stick, and offered him a drink.
NLT One of them ran and filled a sponge with sour wine, holding it up to him on a reed stick so he could drink.
KJV And straightway one of them ran, and took a spunge, and filled it with vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave him to drink.

What does Matthew 27:48 mean?

Three hours of unexplained darkness have passed (Matthew 27:45–47). Jesus has cried out with a loud voice to God the Father. He cited the words of Psalm 22:1, seemingly mourning the feeling that God had abandoned Him. Some nearby misunderstood and thought Jesus was calling for the prophet Elijah to save Him.

Now someone fills a sponge with sour wine and puts it on a reed to hold it up to Jesus to drink. It's not completely clear from the context why they do this. It may have been given in mockery to torment the prisoner more (Luke 23:36). In the immediate context, it's possible that this is offered to try to revive Jesus or help dull His pain. Jesus refused a mixture of wine and gall earlier after tasting it (Matthew 27:34). His initial refusal was likely a deliberate choice to keep His senses, despite the pain. This offering might also be another attempt at ridicule.

There is no explicit indication from Matthew that Jesus drinks the sour wine this time. John, however, indicates that Jesus "receives" it, partly in fulfillment of more prophecies (John 19:28–30; Psalm 69:21). As this happened in the moments prior to His death, Jesus would have had been at no risk of becoming intoxicated.
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