Chapter

Matthew 10:4

ESV Simon the Zealot, and Judas Iscariot, who betrayed him.
NIV Simon the Zealot and Judas Iscariot, who betrayed him.
NASB Simon the Zealot, and Judas Iscariot, the one who also betrayed Him.
CSB Simon the Zealot, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him.
NLT Simon (the zealot ), Judas Iscariot (who later betrayed him).
KJV Simon the Canaanite, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him.

What does Matthew 10:4 mean?

Matthew concludes his list of the Twelve disciples who became known as the apostles of Jesus. This is the group of men Jesus is instructing in preparation to send them out into Israel to represent Him to the people (Matthew 10:1). They will preach the gospel, the good news, of the kingdom of heaven. Jesus has also given them the authority and power to cast out demons and heal the sick.

Simon the Zealot is listed is some translations as Simon the Cananaean. This is an Aramaic term adapted into Greek as Kananaios. The word refers to a specific group within Jewish culture, known as the Zealots. This was an aggressive, violence-minded bloc plotting to overthrow Rome. Just as Matthew was once a tax collector (Matthew 9:9), Simon was once a radical revolutionary before beginning to follow Jesus.

The last of the Twelve mentioned is Judas Iscariot, the betrayer of Jesus (Matthew 26:47–50). "Iscariot" might mean "from Kerioth," a town in Judah.
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