Matthew 10:10 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Matthew 10:10, NIV: no bag for the journey or extra shirt or sandals or a staff, for the worker is worth his keep.

Matthew 10:10, ESV: no bag for your journey, or two tunics or sandals or a staff, for the laborer deserves his food.

Matthew 10:10, KJV: Nor scrip for your journey, neither two coats, neither shoes, nor yet staves: for the workman is worthy of his meat.

Matthew 10:10, NASB: or abag for your journey, or even twotunics, or sandals, or a staff; for the worker is deserving of hissupport.

Matthew 10:10, NLT: Don't carry a traveler's bag with a change of clothes and sandals or even a walking stick. Don't hesitate to accept hospitality, because those who work deserve to be fed.

Matthew 10:10, CSB: Don't take a traveling bag for the road, or an extra shirt, sandals, or a staff, for the worker is worthy of his food.

What does Matthew 10:10 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

Jesus is sending His core group of twelve apostles out into Galilee in Israel to preach that the kingdom of heaven in near. This likely includes teaching that Jesus is the Messiah, its King. He has told them not to stock up for the trip with extra money or precious metals (Matthew 10:5–9). This implies that they are not to even take money or the means to buy supplies.

Now He tells them not to take a bag. Some interpreters believe this is a reference to beggars holding up pouches into which others could drop coins. He tells them not to pack an extra tunic or extra sandals and staff. In other words, for this unique trip, they should make absolutely no provision for their own needs.

Why would Jesus say this? He answers here: The laborer deserves his food. Jesus wants to show these men that God can provide their needs through the hospitality and generosity of those they serve (Matthew 6:25–34). In this way, they will learn to become more comfortable with not knowing where every meal will come from along the way. Those who repent and prepare for the coming of the kingdom of heaven will demonstrate their faithfulness by providing for the messengers.

Having said that, this will not be Jesus' instruction for every mission the disciples will face. In fact, in Luke 22:35–41, Jesus will give them nearly opposite instructions about preparing for a journey.