Judges 1:5 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Judges 1:5, NIV: It was there that they found Adoni-Bezek and fought against him, putting to rout the Canaanites and Perizzites.

Judges 1:5, ESV: They found Adoni-bezek at Bezek and fought against him and defeated the Canaanites and the Perizzites.

Judges 1:5, KJV: And they found Adonibezek in Bezek: and they fought against him, and they slew the Canaanites and the Perizzites.

Judges 1:5, NASB: They found Adoni-bezek in Bezek and fought against him, and they defeated the Canaanites and the Perizzites.

Judges 1:5, NLT: While at Bezek they encountered King Adoni-bezek and fought against him, and the Canaanites and Perizzites were defeated.

Judges 1:5, CSB: They found Adoni-bezek in Bezek, fought against him, and struck down the Canaanites and Perizzites.

What does Judges 1:5 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

Israel's campaign to clear the Canaanites out of the Promised Land has begun. Their goal is to take full possession of the territories apportioned to each tribe. At God's direction and with His blessing, Judah has attacked first, defeating 10,000 soldiers at a place called Bezek (Judges 1:1–4).

During the attack, the Israelites located the enemy leader. The Hebrew term adōni means "lord" or "master," so Adoni-bezek is likely a title, rather than a given name. This is parallel to how the ruler of Egypt was called by the title Pharaoh. Though the city's Canaanites and Perizzites are defeated by the hand of the Lord, this enemy leader makes an escape—which is only temporary (Judges 1:6). This served as rousing evidence that Yahweh was still with Israel even after the death of their leader Joshua.