Judges 1:30 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Judges 1:30, NIV: Neither did Zebulun drive out the Canaanites living in Kitron or Nahalol, so these Canaanites lived among them, but Zebulun did subject them to forced labor.

Judges 1:30, ESV: Zebulun did not drive out the inhabitants of Kitron, or the inhabitants of Nahalol, so the Canaanites lived among them, but became subject to forced labor.

Judges 1:30, KJV: Neither did Zebulun drive out the inhabitants of Kitron, nor the inhabitants of Nahalol; but the Canaanites dwelt among them, and became tributaries.

Judges 1:30, NASB: Zebulun did not drive out the inhabitants of Kitron, or the inhabitants of Nahalol; so the Canaanites lived among them and became subject to forced labor.

Judges 1:30, NLT: The tribe of Zebulun failed to drive out the residents of Kitron and Nahalol, so the Canaanites continued to live among them. But the Canaanites were forced to work as slaves for the people of Zebulun.

Judges 1:30, CSB: Zebulun failed to drive out the residents of Kitron or the residents of Nahalol, so the Canaanites lived among them and served as forced labor.

What does Judges 1:30 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

The small tribe of Zebulun also failed to drive the Canaanites from their territory. This includes those in and around the cities of Kitron and Nahalol, west of the Sea of Galilee. As was the case with several of the tribes, the people of Zebulun did eventually succeed in forcing the Canaanite people in their territory into slavery or "forced labor."

When they grew strong enough to enslave the Canaanites, however, they would have been strong enough to destroy them or drive them out of the land (Judges 1:28). At that point, they were willfully disobeying God's command to devote all the residents of the land to destruction (Deuteronomy 20:16–18). They chose, instead, to keep them around for the economic advantage of their labor. This would create tragic consequences for the entire nation.