Hebrews 4:7 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Hebrews 4:7, NIV: God again set a certain day, calling it 'Today.' This he did when a long time later he spoke through David, as in the passage already quoted: 'Today, if you hear his voice, do not harden your hearts.'

Hebrews 4:7, ESV: again he appoints a certain day, “Today,” saying through David so long afterward, in the words already quoted, “Today, if you hear his voice, do not harden your hearts.”

Hebrews 4:7, KJV: Again, he limiteth a certain day, saying in David, To day, after so long a time; as it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts.

Hebrews 4:7, NASB: He again sets a certain day, 'Today,' saying through David after so long a time just as has been said before, 'TODAY IF YOU HEAR HIS VOICE, DO NOT HARDEN YOUR HEARTS.'

Hebrews 4:7, NLT: So God set another time for entering his rest, and that time is today. God announced this through David much later in the words already quoted: 'Today when you hear his voice, don't harden your hearts.'

Hebrews 4:7, CSB: he again specifies a certain day--today. He specified this speaking through David after such a long time:Today, if you hear his voice,do not harden your hearts.

What does Hebrews 4:7 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

In chapter 3, the writer of Hebrews warned his fellow Christians not to doubt the promises of God. He gave the example of Israel's failure in the desert, at the border of the Promised Land (Numbers 13—14). By quoting Psalm 95, the writer explained that God's promise of rest—a separate issue from our eternal salvation—is dependent on whether we "hold fast" to our faith (Hebrews 3:6). Those Israelites who failed to fulfill the work given to them by God were denied their "rest" of the Promised Land.

This passage, completed in verse 10, points out that the inheritance "rest" offered by God is still available to those willing to trust and obey. Certain false teachers of this era claimed that Christ had already returned in His second coming, forcing teachers like Paul to counter their errors (2 Thessalonians 2:1–3; 2 Timothy 2:17–18). In particular, the writer of Hebrews points out that Psalm 95 uses the word "today," even though the Psalm was written long after Moses' time. In other words, the Scripture is saying, "this means you" to those who read it.

Since God's seventh-day Sabbath rest is still ongoing (Hebrews 4:9), and Joshua's victory in Canaan was not a complete fulfillment of the promises of God (Hebrews 4:8), and since disobedience was what kept Israel out of the Promised Land, there is still a "rest" inheritance available for those who faithfully complete the works assigned to them by God (Hebrews 4:10). This, in fact, is the meaning of the term "rest" as used here: a completion of our works resulting in victory.