Hebrews 1:5 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Hebrews 1:5, NIV: For to which of the angels did God ever say, 'You are my Son; today I have become your Father'? Or again, 'I will be his Father, and he will be my Son'?

Hebrews 1:5, ESV: For to which of the angels did God ever say, “You are my Son, today I have begotten you”? Or again, “I will be to him a father, and he shall be to me a son”?

Hebrews 1:5, KJV: For unto which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee? And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son?

Hebrews 1:5, NASB: For to which of the angels did He ever say, 'YOU ARE MY SON, TODAY I HAVE FATHERED YOU'? And again, 'I WILL BE A FATHER TO HIM AND HE WILL BE A SON TO ME'?

Hebrews 1:5, NLT: For God never said to any angel what he said to Jesus: 'You are my Son. Today I have become your Father.' God also said, 'I will be his Father, and he will be my Son.'

Hebrews 1:5, CSB: For to which of the angels did he ever say,You are my Son;today I have become your Father, or again,I will be his Father,and he will be my Son?

What does Hebrews 1:5 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

Verses 1 through 4 described Jesus as above any angel, both in power and authority. Starting in verse 5, the writer of Hebrews presents specific evidence from the Old Testament to support this. According to the prophets, the Messiah—Jesus Christ—is not some created being or spiritual power. He is the unique and superior Son of God. This explanation will continue through all of chapter 2. The writer will pause, however, in Hebrews 2:1–4 to give the first of several warnings against rejecting the gospel message.

The first citation given is from Psalm 2:7. This Psalm describes the crowning of a king, accompanied by celebration. Meanwhile, in other pagan nations, people oppose this new ruler. Psalm 2 encourages the other territories to obey God and to follow His chosen leader. Psalm 2:7 specifically implies that this new ruler derives his right to the throne from his relationship to God. The expression "I have begotten you" from this verse does not refer to biology, but to authority.

The writer of Hebrews uses this reference to support his claim that Jesus is an authority far above and beyond any angel. This same verse, Psalm 2:7, is quoted by Paul, who also makes the connection between it and the Messiah (Acts 13:33).

The second Old Testament citation is from 2 Samuel 7:14. This is part of a message given to King David, where God speaks through the prophet Nathan. In its immediate context, the verse refers to the literal family of David, since it also describes the penalties David's son would endure for disobedience. The writer of Hebrews is extending this concept of lineage, along with the reference in Psalm 2:7, to apply to the ultimate descendant of David, Jesus Christ. This connects to the idea of Jesus being highly honored, as mentioned in Hebrews 1:3.