Genesis 46:9 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓]

Genesis 46:9, NIV: The sons of Reuben: Hanok, Pallu, Hezron and Karmi.

Genesis 46:9, ESV: and the sons of Reuben: Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi.

Genesis 46:9, KJV: And the sons of Reuben; Hanoch, and Phallu, and Hezron, and Carmi.

Genesis 46:9, NASB: And the sons of Reuben: Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi.

Genesis 46:9, NLT: The sons of Reuben were Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi.

Genesis 46:9, CSB: Reuben's sons: Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi.

What does Genesis 46:9 mean? [⇑ See verse text ⇑]

This is part of an extended list of all Jacob's sons and grandsons. Together, they will begin to be known as "Israel" (Genesis 35:10), growing into the nation God had promised would come from Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob (Genesis 12:2).

The list began with Jacob's firstborn son Reuben. Now Reuben's sons are listed: Hanoch, Pallu, Hazron, and Carmi. The name Hanoch could also be understood as Enoch, meaning that both Adam's and Jacob's first grandsons shared the same name (Genesis 4:17). Pallu may mean "God is a miracle worker." Hazron is the same name as Judah's grandson (Genesis 46:12), but the meaning is unknown. Carmi is related to the Hebrew word for vineyard.